Here are the top historic places to see in Rome:
The Colosseum- Located in the heart of Rome, the Colosseum takes you back to the time of the Roman Empire’s peak. The Colosseum was built between the years 70 and 80 AD, and its seating capacity ranged between 50,000 and 80,000 people throughout the time it was used. The Colosseum was originally used for contests between gladiators and other public shows like mock sea battles, re-enactments, and executions among others. The Colosseum is open daily from 8:30 AM until one hour before sunset, and the lines are long so be sure to plan ahead in order to maximize your time.
St. Peter’s Basilica- Sitting right in the heart of Vatican City is St. Peter’s Basilica, which was designed by a slew of Italian architects and consecrated in 1626. It is known as the most famous work of architecture from the Renaissance period, is the largest church in the world, is the principal home of the Catholic Church, and anywhere between 40,000 to 50,000 people enter the church each day and approximately 10 million visit over the course of a year.
The Pantheon- Located about halfway between the Colosseum and Vatican City is the Pantheon, which was likely dedicated around 126 AD and is the oldest building in Rome. It stands as one of the best-kept buildings from the Ancient Roman Period, as it has been one of the most frequently used buildings in the city from that time period.
Vatican City– Located west of the city of Rome and the River Tiber, Vatican City is the smallest country in the world with a total size of 110 acres. Vatican City has a theocratic government that is run by the pope, who is also the head of the Catholic Church. As it is one of the most frequented places in the world by tourists and pilgrims alike, be sure to do your research before showing up in St. Peter’s Square. Whether you are a member of the Catholic Church or just intrigued by religious history, Vatican City is a sight you have to see!